Inflammation of the vagina. It can be brought on by infection, often with the fungus CANDIDA ALBICANS, the parasite TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS, or bacteria. There is also a type of the condition named atrophic vaginitis that arises after the menopause and is caused by a reduction in the production of oestrogen hormones. The lessened levels of hormones causes the vaginal lining to become prone to inflammation and fragile.
Infections are treated with antifungal drugs or antibiotic drugs. In instances of allergy, irritants should be avoided. Any other foreign bodies, including tampons that may have been left in, are removed. Atrophic vaginitis is treated with oestrogen drugs.