An infection caused by actinomyces Israelii or related actinomycete bacteria. These bacteria resemble fungi and cause disease of the jaw, mouth, chest, and pelvis.
Types and causes
The most widespread form of actinomycosis affects the jaw area. A painful swelling appears and pus and characteristic yellow granules discharge through small openings that develop through the skin. Another contribution to this infection is poor oral hygiene.
Another form of actinomycosis affects the pelvis in women causing bleeding between menstrual periods and lower abdominal pain. This form was associated mainly with a type of IUD, no longer in use, that did not contain copper. Very rarely forms of the disorder affect the lung or appendix.
Anti-biotic drugs usually treat Actinomycosis successfully.