Inflammation of the bladder lining , usually occurring due to a bacterial infection. It is more common in women than men due to a short urethra, making it easier for bacteria to pass through to the bladder. It is rare in men, but if it occurs it is usually due to an obstruction, such as an enlarged prostate. Use of catheters also increases the risk of infection. Susceptibility is increased in those who have diabetes, due to high levels of glucose which encourage the growth of bacteria.
Symptoms are mainly related to the urinary tract, such as frequent need to pass urine, a burning pain when urinating, or even foul smelling, bloody urine. Cystitis in children, however, is usually marked only by generalised symptoms, such as fever and vomiting.
Mild cystitis can be relieved by a body cleanse and flushing out bladder. More severe cases may require anti-biotic treatment.