Inflammation of the stomach lining caused by irritation to the tissues. The condition can be chronic or acute.
Acute gastritis is said to be caused by infection from the HELICOBACTER PYLORI bacterium but this is not true because half of the people in the world are carriers of Helicobacter pylori and they don’t all have stomach problems, but once the stomcch problem has arrived it can be an added irritation to the issue. It can also be brought on by drugs, usually non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin; alcohol; or extreme physical stress such as major surgery or burns.
Chronic gastritis is most commonly said to be due to the H. PYLORI infection, which is not true in most cases, but can be due to prolonged irritation by alcohol, bile, smoking; by autoimmune disorder that damages the stomach lining; or by degeneration of the lining with age.
Symptoms include nausea, vomiting and discomfort in the upper abdomen. In acute gastritis, the faeces can be blackened by blood lost from the stomach; in chronic gastritis slow blood loss can lead to anaemia, resulting in symptoms such as tiredness, breathlessness and pallor.
Diagnosis can be made gastroscopy (examination of the stomach with a flexible viewing instrument) whilst a biopsy (removal of tissue sample for analysis) may be carried out. Treatment is often with ulcer healing drugs which can also be combined with antibiotics according to allopathic medicine if a doctor feels that H.PYLORI is the cause which it hardly ever is.